Black Soldier Fly Research Complete Bibliography

To complement the article on Compiled Black Soldier Fly cultivation techniques, I’ve added the bibliography of Black Soldier Fly research articles in the hopes that you fine people will help me add articles I may have missed.  Where possible, I will be adding links to the free or purchasable articles.  If you fine individuals find online links of the pay or free variety, please post in the comments section so I can post them.

In order by year and by alphabetical Article Title:


“Development of Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae Fed Dairy Manure” Myers, Heidi M.1; Tomberlin, Jeffery K.; Lambert, Barry D.; Kattes, David.  Environmental Entomology. Volume 37, Number 1, February 2008 , pp. 11-15(5).  Pay Article:


“Fish Offal Recycling by the Black Soldier Fly Produces a Foodstuff High in Omega-3 Fatty Acids.” Hilare S. Newton, Sheppard, al.  Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. Volume 38 Issue 2.  Pages 309-313.  May 2007

“Fly prepupae as a feedstuff for rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss.” St-Hilaire S, Shepard C, Tomberlin JK, Irving S, Newton L, McGuire MA, Mosley EE, Hardy RW, Sealey W, 2007. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 38:59-67.


“Insect and Manure Management in Poultry Systems: Elements Relative to Food Safety and Nuisance Issues” Meyer, H.J., Roeder, Richard. 2006. Link


“Black Soldier Fly and Others for Value-Added Manure Management.” Dr. Craig Sheppard. University of Georgia. Tifton, GA. 2005

“Compositional, Microbiological, and Digestibility Analysis of the Protein of Larva-Meal from Hermetia Illucens in Antioquia, Colombia.” Gloria Patricia Arango Gutiérrez; Rodrigo Antonio Vergara Ruiza y Humberto Mejía Véleza.

“Using the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia Illucens, as a Value-Added Tool for the Management of Swine Manure.” Newton. Sheppard.  Report for Mike Williams. 6 June 2005. Free Article:

2004 and Earlier:

“Dried Hermetia Illucens Larvae Meal as a Supplement for Swine.” G.L. Newton. C.V. Booram. R.W. Barker and O.M. Hale. Journal of Animal Science 1977. 44:395-400.

“Dried Hermetia illucens larvae (Stratiomyidae) as a feed additive for poultry.” Hale OM, 1973.  Journal of the Georgia Entomological Society 8:16-20.

“House Fly and Lesser Fly Control Using the Black Soldier Fly in Manure Management Systems For Caged Laying Hens” Sheppard, Craig. Environmental Entomology, Volume 12, Number 5, October 1983 , pp. 1439-1442(4). Entomological Society of America

“House fly oviposition inhibition by larvae of Hermetia illucens, the black soldier fly.” Bradley, S. W. & D. C. Sheppard. 1984. J. Chem. Ecol. 10: 853-859.

“Lekking Behavior of the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae)” Tomberlin, Jeffery K., D. Craig Sheppard. Florida Entomologist.  Pg 83 – 4.  Dec 2001.

Manure solids conversion to insect biomass(Black Soldier Fly Larvae) for value-added processing into animal feed protein meal and oil system.”  Sheppard, C., W. Watson, L. Newton, and G. Burtle. 2003.Proceedings of the North Carolina Animal Waste Management Workshop. Research Triangle Park, NC. October 16-17, 2003. Pgs. 48-53.

“Oviposition of the Black Soldier Fly, Hermetia illucens(Diptera: Stratiomyidae): Eggs, Masses, Timing, and Site Characteristics” Booth, Donald C.; Sheppard, Craig. Environmental Entomology, Volume 13, Number 2, April 1984 , pp. 421-423(3). Entomological Society of America.

“Parasitism of the Black Soldier Fly by Trichopria sp. (Hymenoptera: Diapriidae) in Poultry Houses” Bradley S.W., Booth D.C., Sheppard D. C. Environmental Entomology, Volume 13, Number 2, April 1984, pp. 451-454(4). Entomological Society of America

“Performance Comparison of Earthworms and Soldier Fly Larvae in the processing of Sewage Sludge.” Advanced Wastewater Treatment Technologies (AWTT) Scheme. Project 1003-01-001. Dr. Kevin Warburton, Dept. of Zoology, University of Queensland.  Free Article:

“Rearing Methods for the Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae).” Sheppard, D. Craig. J. Tomberlin, J. Joyce, B. Kiser, and S. Sumner. Journal of Medical Entomology. Short Communication. 2002

“Recycling of Coffee Pulp by Hermetia Illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae” Gerardo Larde. Biological Wastes 33 (1990) pgs 307-310.

“Reduction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis in chicken manure by larvae of the black soldier fly.” Erickson, J. M.C., M. Islam, C. Sheppard, J. Liao, and M.P. Doyle.  Food Protection.  2004.  67:685-690. Pay Article:;jsessionid=15sq5715x4fgj.alice?format=print

“Selected Life-History Traits of Black Soldier Fles (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Reared on Three Artificial Diets” Tomberlin, Jeff.  D. Craig Sheppard.  John A Joyce.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America.  2002.  Vol 95. No. 3 pgs 379-387.

“Soldier fly Hermetia illucens L., as feed for channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque) and blue tilapia, (Oreochromis aureus) (Steindachner).” Bondari K, Sheppard DC 1987.  Aquaculture and Fisheries Management 18:209-220.

“Susceptibility of Black Soldier Fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) Larvae and Adults to Four Insecticides.” Jeff Tomberlin.  Craig Sheppard.  John A. Joyce.  June 2002 Entomological Society of America.

“Use Of Soldier Fly Larvae In Organic Waste Management.” Dr. R. Newby. Central Queensland University. Biology Department.


2 Responses to “Black Soldier Fly Research Complete Bibliography”

  1. 1 mercerd 17 July 2009 at 1:48 pm

    interesting material, where such topics do you find? I will often go

  2. 2 Joe Barfield 29 August 2009 at 2:33 pm

    I look forward to reading the Erickson, et al. article on BSF reduction of e coli. I am interested in learning the effects of BSF on beneficial bacteria and microbes, and hence the utility of the BSF-compost residue for soil food web suitability.
    We know the BSF reduces the anarobes, but I haven’t found any materials documenting the BSF digestion process.

    Here is the url for the extensive summary of Doyle, et al 2004 article that dicusses e coli reduction.
    Joe Barfield
    San Antonio, TX

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